How to Choose a Tech Stack for your Mobile App Development Project
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How to Choose a Tech Stack for your Mobile App Development Project

The increasing number of smartphone users worldwide has prompted more companies to diversify their products and services through mobile applications. One of the key components of a mobile app is technology stacks.

A tech stack is a combination of programming languages and software products that are created through different layers built on top of each other. A tech stack has two major components: the client-side (frontend) and the server-side (backend).

The best technology for mobile app development varies depending on the specific goals of a project. Large companies typically hire in-house developers to build a mobile app. Meanwhile, start-up companies often outsource mobile app development services.

Choosing the right tech stack is a crucial step that will determine the overall performance of your mobile app and bring your software solution to life. The right tech stack ensures customer satisfaction and robust revenue. It also gives your developers more leeway to build a smooth and efficient mobile app. At the same time, it helps your team plan a considerable budget, lessen development cost and decide on the mobile app’s main functionalities.


Assessing the mobile app development project

Part of an effective development strategy is a step-by-step detailed analysis of your mobile app and an in-depth understanding of the tech stack landscape. Here are the following steps you could follow:

  • Identify the purpose and limitations of your mobile app. Decide right away if your mobile app will have the same features as your website or if you want to make it more unique. Thoroughly research your app’s benefits and the potential problems that users might encounter. These considerations will lead you to formulate the tailor-fit app requirements and communicate it clearly with the developers.

  • Determine the mobile platform you will use. Know the pros and cons of each mobile platform so that you could choose the best one for your customers. At the early stage of development, choose only one mobile platform so that you’ll be able to focus on having an organized mobile app system.

  • The right mobile app development company matters. Pick the company that is able to understand your business goals and target audience.

  • Always do app testing. Test your mobile app at every stage of the development process to save you time and money. It is best to identify problems early on to find immediate solutions.


Considerations on choosing tech stacks

After assessing your mobile app development project, it is now time to take a closer look at some of the important factors you need to consider:

  • Industry. Identify the specific industry that your mobile app will cater to. The right tech stack should fit the requirements of your chosen industry to give users the best experience.

  • Development Cost and Time to Market (TTM). Part of the development cost is carefully studying the package and premium features that a tech stack can offer. Choose a tech stack that will satisfy both your project’s budget and requirements. TTM is also an important consideration as your tech stack should quicken the development process to give you ample time to test it before its final release.

  • Scalability. If your goal is to continuously enhance your mobile app’s productivity, look at the tech stack’s scalability, including its tools and frameworks. Security. Your tech stack’s security features will benefit both your business and customers. Choose a tech stack that has a top-notch security framework that can achieve your goals.

  • Maintenance. To save your developers time while still maintaining the quality of your mobile app, find a tech stack with easy-to-maintain codes.


Popular tech stacks for your frontend and backend needs

Frontend

A frontend tech stack primarily deals with the mobile app’s interaction with users. Significant elements of a frontend stack include 1. HTML, which is used for structuring and placing content on the user interface; 2. CSS, which oversees content representation; and 3. JavaScript, which can add interactivity to your mobile app.

A native mobile application is commonly designed for a specific mobile OS. Currently, the two leading mobile platforms are iOs and Android.


iOS Platform

The two main programming languages used for iOS are 1. Objective-C, which is considered reliable by many developers due to its various third party frameworks. It utilizes pointer concepts such as — C, C++ programming languages; and 2. Swift, which is known for its memory management, faster coding, code reusability, and debugging features.

Here are some tools that you can use for iOS:

  1. IntelliJ AppCode. This IDE is known for its support of various testing frameworks, “on-the-fly” code analysis, and robust refactoring capabilities. It is compatible with Xcode IDE and supports a wide range of languages including HTML, CSS, JavaScript, Objective-C, Swift, C, and C++.

  2. Apple Xcode. Apple Xcode is ideal for all Apple platforms as it provides a built-in testing engine for building Apple applications, a graphical UI builder, stable support for Git repositories, and an efficient source code editor. Apple Xcode is free of charge.


Android Platform

The two main programming languages used for Android are 1. Java, which is popular for Android mobile apps. It uses Android SDK which provides numerous features for graphics, networking, and data structure; and 2. Kotlin, which is based on Java Virtual Machine (JVM), Kotlin requires lesser code. It is also used for developing server-side applications.

The recommended Android tools include:

  1. Android Native Development Kit (NDK). Android NDK is known for facilitating the implementation of application features using C or C++ to compile to native code. Through NDK, developers can reuse code libraries written in C or C++.

  2. Android Developer Tools (ADT) for Eclipse. ADT gives developers an efficient project setup, along with custom XML editors, graphical UI builder, test automation support, and complete tools integration.

  3. Android Studio. Android Studio’s code editors have code completion features for Kotlin, Java, and C/C++. Aside from its visual layout editor and built-in profiling tools, it can also emulate various configurations and reduce the app size for specific devices.


Backend

Backend tech stacks take care of a mobile app’s inner workings, which include the transfer of information and data storage. Here are some backend tech stacks you can consider:

  1. LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, Python). LAMP consists of open-source software components and is easily customizable and flexible.

  2. MEAN (MongoDB, Express.js, AngularJS, Node.js). This open-source tech stack is known for building scalable and responsive mobile apps. The Node.js domain also allows the creation of an event-driven architecture that lessens app loading time.

  3. Python-Django. Python-Django still requires web server technologies and a database. However, it is still ideal for backend development due to its multifunctional framework and stable documentation. This can also be utilized for complex mobile apps.

  4. Ruby on Rails (RoR). This tech stack has its own built-in database and is compatible with MySQL. It is known for being expandable, multi-purpose with a wide range of repositories of library integrations.


The right tech stack guarantees your mobile app’s success

A tech stack can either make or break the mobile app development process. Choosing the most suitable tech stack for your project and working with a knowledgeable and flexible team are guaranteed ways to sustain the best results.